Polluted river water threatens Nalsarovar
Nalsarovar is a Bird Sanctuary since 1969, consisting of a 120.82-sq-km lake and marshes with shallow waters(4-5 ft) and muddy lagoons, dotted by 36 small islands, is situated about 60 km from Ahmedabad near Sanand Village, in Gujarat. Mainly inhabited by migratory birds as their wintering ground, it is the largest wetland bird sanctuary in Gujarat, and one of the largest in India. Nalsarovar is a Ramsar site since 24 September 2012.
More than 200 types of birds mainly waterfowl inhabit this lake and come from as far as Siberia. Nalsarovar near Sanand is a bird watcher’s paradise is under threat According to a study done by a student of a well known university, from the water of west Gujarat Rivers – Brahmani and Bhogava – that flow into Nalsarovar wetland and are heavily polluted with drainage water.
Nalsarovar is a fresh water lake; its water level shall be dependent on the annual rainfall. However, huge amount of drainage flows in from Brahmani and Bhogava. Some reasons among other are changes in the feeding of cattles area, fishing, tourism, new development, and excess Narmada waters to Nalsarovar Lake and bird poaching are the reasons that contaminate the lake water.
Some measures if taken could save Nalsarovar sanctuary from further damage. A good distance of Eco-sensitive zone has to be imposed. The trees in the zone have to be maintained. Polluted water from the rivers filtered before entering the lake. No untreated water should be released into the Nalsarovar if we want to save it.